英语词组牢固搭配

作者:亚博手机网页版发布时间:2021-06-07 00:33

本文摘要:一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词afford to do sth. 肩负得起做某事agree to do sth. 同意做某事arrange to do sth.摆设做某事ask to do sth. 要求做某事beg to do sth. 请求做某事care to do sth. 想要做某事choose to do sth. 决议做某事decide to do sth. 决议做某事demand to do sth. 要求做某事determine to d

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一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词afford to do sth. 肩负得起做某事agree to do sth. 同意做某事arrange to do sth.摆设做某事ask to do sth. 要求做某事beg to do sth. 请求做某事care to do sth. 想要做某事choose to do sth. 决议做某事decide to do sth. 决议做某事demand to do sth. 要求做某事determine to do sth. 刻意做某事expect to do sth. 期待做某事fear to do sth. 畏惧做某事help to do sth. 资助做某事hope to do sth. 希望做某事learn to do sth. 学习做某事manage to do sth. 设法做某事offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事plan to do sth. 计划做某事prepare to do sth. 准备做某事pretend to do sth. 冒充做某事promise to do sth. 允许做某事refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事want to do sth. 想要做某事wish to do sth. 希望做某事注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:aim to do sth. 计划做某事fail to do sth. 未能做某事long to do sth. 盼望做某事happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事struggle to do sth. 努力做某事二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事command sb. to do sth. 下令某人做某事drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事encourage sb. to do sth. 勉励某人做某事expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事forbid sb. to do sth. 克制某人做某事force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事help sb. to do sth. 资助某人做某事intend sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事mean sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事order sb. to do sth. 下令某人做某事permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事trouble sb. to do sth. 贫苦某人做某事want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:汉语说:“畏惧某人做某事”,但英语不说fear sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refuse sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“处罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punish sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approve sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说inform sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“接待某人做某事”,但英语不说welcome sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist [persist] sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“摆设某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“谢谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth.。汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth.。要表现以上意思,可换用其他表达:汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.。汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“摆设某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.。汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“谢谢某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth.。汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.。

汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.。三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词admit doing sth. 认可做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事allow doing sth. 允许做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事avoid doing sth. 制止做某事 consider doing sth. 思量做某事delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事finish doing sth. 完成做某事 forbid doing sth. 克制做某事forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事mention doing sth. 提及做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事miss doing sth. 错过做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事permit doing sth. 允许做某事 practice doing sth. 训练做某事prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth. 克制做某事put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 report doing sth. 陈诉做某事risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 understand doing sth. 明白做某事四、接现在分词作宾补的20个常用动词bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感受某人做某事find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事observe sb. doing sth. 视察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事see sb. doing sth. 瞥见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观五、接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词feel sb. do sth. 感受某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事observe sb. do sth. 视察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 瞥见某人做某事watch sb. do sth. 视察某人做某事察某人做某事六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁肯做某事begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 贫苦做某事intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思差别的7个动词(1) remember to do sth. 记着要做某事 remember doing sth. 记着曾做过某事(2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事(3) regret to do sth. 忏悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth. 忏悔(遗憾)曾做过某事(4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事 try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果(5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事(6) can’t help to do sth. 不能资助做某事 can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事(7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也差别,前者指停下往复做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。八、可接双宾语的38个常用动词(1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词 award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱)post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌)spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,寄义相同,如bring,play等:Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。

He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,寄义差别,如leave等:They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。

My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔产业给我。而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等:He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。

He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。This caused me much trouble. 着给我带来了许多贫苦。

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了5美元。His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了事情。I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。

They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的冒失。He refused her nothing. 她要什么就给什么。九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词accuse sb. of sth. 控诉某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事)remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事)rid sb. of sth. 使某人挣脱某物rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某工具warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事criticize sb. for doing sth. 品评某人做某事forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事punish sb. for doing sth. 处罚某人做某事scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事thank sb. for doing sth. 谢谢某人做某事十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事十二、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词误:deal a problem 正:deal with a problem 处置惩罚问题误:depend sb. 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人误:insist doing sth. 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事误:knock the door 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术误:participate sth. 正:participate in sth. 到场某事误:refer sth. 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物误:rely sb. / sth. 正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物误:reply a letter 正:reply to a letter 回信注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表现“操作”、“治理”等时则及物。

十三、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词误:serve for sb. 正:serve sb. 为某人服务误:marry with sb. 正:marry sb. 与某人完婚误:discuss about sth. 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事误:mention about sth. 正:mention sth. 提到某事误:enter into a room 正:enter a room 进入房间误:contact with sb. 正:contact sb. 与某人联系误:equal to sth. 正: equal sth. 即是某物误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话注:有个体词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表现开始进入或从事某一状态或运动,或用于较抽象的观点。如:The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我明白你失去父亲后的心情。

The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。十四、17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构be angry about 为……生气 be anxious about 为……担忧be careful about 当心…… be certain about 确信……be curious about 对……好奇 be disappointed about 对……失望be excited about 对……感应兴奋 be glad about 对……感应兴奋be happy about 为……感应兴奋 be hopeful about 对……抱有希望be mad about 对……入迷 be nervous about 为……感应不安be particular about 对……讲求 be sad about 为……而惆怅be serious about 对……认真 be sure about 对……有掌握be worried about 为……担忧十五、10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构be angry at 为……生气 be bad at 不善于……be clever at 擅长于…… be disappointed at 对……失望be expert at 在……方面是内行 be good at 善于……be mad at 对……发怒 be quick at 在……方面敏捷be skilful at 在……方面熟练 be slow at 在……方面缓慢十六、18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构be anxious for 盼望 be bad for 对……有害,对……倒霉be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……着名be convenient for 对……利便,在……四周 be eager for盼望be famous for 因……闻名 be fit for 合适,适合be good for 对……有益(利便) be grateful for 谢谢be hungry for 盼望获得 be late for 迟到be necessary for 对……有须要 be ready for 为……准备好be sorry for 因……歉仄 be suitable for 对……合适(适宜)be thankful for 因……而感谢 be well-known for以……着名十七、6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构be absent from 缺席,不在 be different from 与……差别be far from 离……远,远远不 be free from 没有,免受be safe from 没有……的危险 be tired from 因……而疲劳十八、13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构be concerned in 与……有关 be disappointed in 对(某人)感应失望be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be experienced in 在……方面有履历be expert in 在……方面是行家 be fortunate in 在……方面幸运be honest in 在……方面老实 be interested in 对……感兴趣be lack in 缺乏 be rich in 富于,在……方面富有be skilful in 擅长于 be successful in 在……方面乐成be weak in 在……方面不行十九、18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构be afraid of 畏惧 be ashamed of 为……感应羞愧be aware of 意识到,知道 be capable of 能够,可以be careful of 小心,留心 be certain of 确信,对……有掌握be fond of 喜欢 be free of 没有,挣脱be full of 充满 be glad of 为……而兴奋be nervous of 畏惧 be proud of 为……自豪be short of 缺乏 be shy of 欠好意思be sick of 对……厌倦 be sure of 肯定,有掌握be tired of 对……厌烦 be worthy of 只得,配得上二十、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构be accustomed to 习惯于 be blind to 对……视而不见be close to 靠近,靠近 be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情be devoted to 献身,专心于 be equal to 即是,能胜任be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to 对……有危害be important to 对……重要p; be open to 对……开放,易受到be opposed to 阻挡,不赞成 be opposite to 在……劈面,和……相反be polite to 对……有礼貌 be related to 与……有关(是亲戚)be respectful to 尊敬 be rude to 对……无礼be similar to 与……相似 be true to 忠实于,信守be used to 习惯于 be useful to 对……有用二十一、16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构be angry with 对(某人)生气 be bored with 对……厌烦be busy with 忙于 be careful with 小心be concerned with 关于,与……有关 be content with 以……为满足be delighted with 对……感应兴奋 be disappointed with 对(某人)失望be familiar with 熟悉,醒目 be honest with 对(某人)真诚be ill with 患……病 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心be pleased with 对……满足(兴奋) be popular with 受……接待be satisfied with 对……满足 be strict with 对(某人)严格二十二、24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构in advance of 在……前面 in aid of 资助in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 卖力,治理in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 守卫in explanation of 解释 in face of 面临in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在……前面in honor of 纪念,祝贺,接待 in memory of 纪念in need of 需要 in place of 取代in possession of 拥有 in praise of 歌颂in respect of 关于,就……而言 in search of 寻找,搜找in sight of 看得见,在瞥见……的地方 in spite of 虽然,只管in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in view of 鉴于,思量到注:同时注意一下相似结构:in exchange for 作为对……的交流 in preparation for 为……作准备in return for 作为……的酬金 in reward for 作为……的酬劳in addition to 加之,除……之外 in answer to 回覆,响应in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比 in opposition to 与……相反,阻挡in reply to 作为对……的回覆(回复) in response to 回覆,响应in [with] reference to 关于 in [with] regard to 关于二十三、27个带to doing sth.的常用结构1.动词+介词to+动名词(1) admit to doing sth. 认可做了某事(2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事(3) object to doing sth. 阻挡做某事(4) see to doing sth. 卖力做某事(5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事(6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词(1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事(2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事(3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事(4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的规模内(5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词(1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事(2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事(3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事(4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事(5) have an objection to doing sth. 阻挡(反感)做某事(6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事(7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 刻意做某事4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词(1) be equal to doing sth. 即是做某事,能胜任做某事(2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事(3) be opposed to doing sth. 阻挡做某事(4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事(5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精神等)献给做某事(6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的规模内5.其他结构+介词to+动名词(1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处置惩罚某事(2) look forward to doing sth. 盼愿做某事(3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如何? 附: 关于听力小结: 英语听力这门学科说来很有意思,因为学生分两种:一.听力好的这种人就以为听力不难,就这么莫名地提高了,题目做对了,貌似没有什么太大的难点;二.听力差的这样的学生以为听力老错,然后就是不知道怎么提高,背单词也没用,听听么似乎懂的,题目做了就会错,不知道怎么提高。其实首先要明确,听力主要还是靠practice的,没有什么神奇的方法能够帮你一夜之间成为听力能人!那么在训练的时候,注重相应的方法,可能会使得提高的效率更高而已。听力提高的三要素: 1.词汇。

不要傻乎乎的找本词汇手册就在那里背,完全脱离听力场景背单词并不行取。因为事实证明,许多人单词看到认识,可是听的时候就不知道了。这不是因为词汇量小,而是对词汇的掌握没有到达一定的熟练水平!单词肯定是要背的,可是对于听力来说,可能背的单词还需用耳朵听一下。2.坚持天天都听一定时间。

听力这个工具提高很慢,但退步却很快。听一个星期可能没什么进步,可是一个星期不听却会有很大退步。

这就为什么许多人如果听力欠好,就一直很难提高的原因!所以天天花个1小时左右听,不仅提高听力,还会间接地提高口语的语音! 3.熟悉题型。究竟是考试,所以熟悉题型,熟悉出题纪律,固然能最大限度地发挥自身的听力能力。这方面一般报个培训班就好了。固然基础不错的同学,自学也是可以的。

总而言之,提高听力如果是为了通过考试做题的话。那么每篇至少听3遍。第一遍就是单纯地做题。

第二遍是分析,不要看原文,不懂的地方多听几遍,然后再参考原文,不熟悉的词或词汇划出来背一下。第三遍是重新到尾再听一遍,捕捉更多的细节(not limited to the questions in the test)。原文地址:http://www.tingroom.com/jiaocai/gkztfx/157717.html。


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